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Article of the Week: Combination of mpMRI and TTMB of the prostate to identify candidates for hemi-ablative FT




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Every Week the Editor-in-Chief selects an Article of the Week from the current issue of BJUI. The abstract is reproduced below and you can click on the button to read the full article, which is freely available to all readers for at least 30 days from the time of this post.

In addition to the article itself, there is an accompanying editorial written by a prominent member of the urological community. This blog is intended to provoke comment and discussion and we invite you to use the comment tools at the bottom of each post to join the conversation.

Finally, the third post under the Article of the Week heading on the homepage will consist of additional material or media. This week we feature a video from Mr. Mark Emberton, discussing his paper. 

If you only have time to read one article this week, it should be this one.

Combination of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) and transperineal template-guided mapping biopsy (TTMB) of the prostate to identify candidates for hemi-ablative focal therapy

Minh Tran*†‡, James Thompson*§, Maret Bohm†, Marley Pulbrook, Daniel Moses¶, Ron Shnier**, Phillip Brenner*§, Warick Delprado††, Anne-Maree Haynes†, Richard Savdie§ and Phillip D. Stricker*§

 

*St Vincents Prostate Cancer CentreGarvan Institute of Medical Research & The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, DarlinghurstSchool of Medicine, University of Sydney§School of Medicine, University of New South Wales, SydneySpectrum Medical Imaging , **Southern Radiology, Randwick, and†† Douglass Hanly Moir Pathology, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia

 

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the accuracy of combined multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and transperineal template-guided mapping biopsy (TTMB) for identifying lobes with significant prostate cancer (PCa) for the application of hemi-ablative focal therapy (FT).

PATIENTS AND METHODS

From January 2012 to January 2014, 89 consecutive patients, aged ≥40 years, with a PSA level ≤15 ng/mL, underwent in sequential order: mpMRI, TTMB and radical prostatectomy (RP) at a single centre. Analysis was performed on 50 patients who met consensus guidelines for FT. Lobes were stratified into lobes with significant cancer (LSC), lobes with insignificant cancer and lobes with no cancer. Using histopathology at RP, the predictive performance of combined mpMRI + TTMB in identifying LSC was evaluated.

RESULTS

The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value for mpMRI + TTMB for LSC were 97, 61 and 83%, respectively. The negative predictive value (NPV), the primary variable of interest, for mpMRI + TTMB for LSC was 91%. Of the 50 patients, 21 had significant unilateral disease on mpMRI + TTMB. Two of these 21 patients had significant bilateral disease on RP not identified on mpMRI + TTMB.

CONCLUSIONS

In the selection of candidates for FT, a combination of mpMRI and TTMB provides a high NPV in the detection of LSC.

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