BJUI Editorial Commentary: Rising to the Challenge. Roger S. Kirby and John M. Fitzpatrick Before 1995 there were effectively no charities in the UK the aim of which was to support research, education and training in urology. As a consequence, around that time, four charitable organisations sprung up and have since gone on to ﬂourish; now, together, they raise >£20 million per year. Kirby RS, Fitzpatrick JM. Rising to the challenge. BJU Int 2012, Vol 110, Issue 11.