logo

Rate this article:

Video: Move over fluoroscopy: ultrasound-guided PCNL is just as good




5,228 views

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy guided solely by ultrasonography: a 5-year study of >700 cases

Song Yan, Fei Xiang and Song Yongsheng

Division of Urology, Sheng Jing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China

Read the full article

OBJECTIVE

• To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) solely guided by ultrasonography (US).

PATIENTS AND METHODS

• From May 2007 to July 2012, 705 24-F-tract PCNL procedures were performed (679 patients, of whom 26 had bilateral stones).

• Calyceal puncture and dilatation were performed under US guidance in all cases.

• The procedure was evaluated for access success, length of postoperative hospital stay, complications (modified Clavien system), stone clearance and the need for auxiliary treatments.

RESULTS

• The mean (sd) operating time was 66 (25) min, with a mean (sd) postoperative hospital stay of 3.98 (1.34) days.

• The patients experienced a mean (sd) haemoglobin level decrease of 2.24 (2.02) g/day and the overall stone-free rate at 4 weeks after surgery was 92.6% in patients with a single calculus and 82.9% in patients with staghorn or multiple calculi.

• Auxiliary treatments, including shockwave lithotripsy in 52 patients, re-PCNL in 41 patients and ureteroscopy in 18 patients, were performed 1 week after the primary procedure in 111 (15.7%) cases for residual stones >4 mm in size.

• The sensitivities of intra-operative US-guidance and flexible nephroscopy for detecting significant residual stones and clinically insignificant residual fragments were 95.3 and 89.1%, respectively.

• There were 94 grade 1 (13.3%), 17 grade 2 (2.4%), and two grade 3 (0.3%) complications, but there were no grade 4 or 5 complications.

CONCLUSION

• Total US-guided PCNL is safe and convenient, and may be performed without any major complications and with the advantage of preventing radiation hazards and damage to adjacent organs.

  1. DR.S.RAJU
    position of patient-supine or prone
    how can you identify the calyeal anatomy
    how can perform the entire procedure whether serial usg guided or not
    who performed the usg (radiologist or urologist).

Please note that all submitted comments will be reviewed by the BJUI Web Team before they are considered for publishing on the site. Comments may take up to 48 hours to go live. If you have made a comment which has not appeared live after this time and you wish to discuss this matter further, please contact us.